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Saint George | Iconography
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Iconography

Without any doubt San Jorge is one of the ones of a Roman official standing with garments characteristic of that militia, adolescent face represented many times in scenes of his martyrdom, specially on medieval gothic reredos.

 

But surely the most reproduced representation and universally known is the one of the saint riding a white steed beating the dragon and saving the princess. The plastic riches of the legend has made a lot of artists treat this subject leaving us genuine works of art: Ucello, Rafael, Rubens, Ferrer, Comes,…

Donatello´s sculpture is unique, a classical work and a point of reference of the modern sculpture. Peacefully standing, without a horse or a dragon, only identifiable by his shield where his emblem is, the particular and peculiar cross of the Saint.

In Alcoy his patron has been represented in different ways. At the beginning of the XVll century, Beuter and then Carbonell put on record an equestrian image of the Saint made of marble, crowing a fountain in front of his temple. In the covering of the `Célebre Centuria´ of 1672, he appears infant armed with a pike and a dragon at his feet.

But the image of the Saint peculiarly `alcoyana´, that is, fighting the moors, has his first beginnings in an oil painting possibly from the XVlll century, belonging to a particular collection and also in ceramics of the same age which is in the `Casal de Sant Jordi´, in which are the dragon injured by the Saint and three moors watching the scene. In all probability both these images served Miguel Girones as an inspiration, devoted, festive and miller as his job to order an image of San Jorge to a Valencian sculptor called Francisco Pérez, roman gentleman riding the noble, white animal with an arrow in his right hand and a moor beaten under his mount hands. This is the image which has been called the `moorkiller´ and has served as a model and inspiration to a lot of artists who have imitated this iconography in lithography, pictures, sculptures, ceramics and gold work. Pascual y Abad, Laporta, Cabrera, Ridaura, Peresejo, Solbes, Guarinos…

The present equestrian image of our Patron which is venerated in a side of the temple, is a work of big proportions made in 1940 by the sculptor from Picasent Enrique Galarza, to replace the one destroyed in the civil war. This image so much liked by the `alcoyanos´, is put on procession and acclaimed in the evening of 23rd April together with the gothic and beautiful shrine which contains two phalanges of our Patron´s has brought from the Valencia Cathedral in 1832.

Another `alcoyana´ image of the Saint is the one that represents the infant holding his emblem on his right hand and the martyrdom palm on his left hand. The most ancient one that is in the `Alcoià´ Festivity Museum, is from the last third destroyed during the civil war, being the precursor of the present one made in Valence in 1944 with a great beauty and fineness which presides previous days of the Trilogy to the Saint Mary´s church so as to preside The Triduo and the High Mass.

 

 

 

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